Harsien Patrimonju Mosti

MEGALITHIC DOLMENS AT WIED FILEP

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A dolmen, also known as a portal tomb, portal grave, or quoit, is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of three or more upright stones supporting a large flat horizontal capstone (table).
A megalithic chambered tomb, with a large flat stone laid on upright ones. Cromlech is an obsolete term meaning the same thing.
Most date from the early Neolithic period (4000 to 3000 BC). Dolmens were usually covered with earth or smaller stones to form a barrow, though in many cases that covering has weathered away, leaving only the stone "skeleton" of the burial mound intact.
It remains unclear when, why, and by whom the earliest dolmens were made. The oldest known dolmen are in Western Europe, where they were set in place around 7000 years ago, at the same time as the ancient civilisations of Egypt, India, and the Middle East. Archaeologists still do not know who erected these dolmens, which makes it difficult to know why they did it. The most widely accepted theory is that all dolmen are tombs or burial chambers. Human remains, sometimes accompanied by artefacts, have been found in or close to them, which allowed a scientific dating. There is however no firm evidence that even this theory is correct. It has been impossible to prove that these archeologic remains date back to the time when the stones were set in place.[1]


In their wonderful book, Malta Prehistory and Temples, David Trump describes Wied Filep Dolmens as being "the most accessible" and as having "one of the biggest capstones" accessible and biggest, yeh, my kind of words.
find the wadi on the outskirts of Mosta and head east along the road that parallels the steep valley. Take a look over your left shoulder and you should see a fort on the opposite hillside. Now wind your window down and listen. You should be able to hear the sound of dogs barking. So if you can see the sea, the fort and the wadi and hear the dogs then you are 'in the zone'.
The dolmen are situated on the edge of Mosta and can be found on a raised limestone platform beside the road. The monuments have been walled-in presumably to protect them.
There are two dolmen , they are both sat on the same limestone exposure and it is possible to see how the stone has been quarried from behind the dolmen to create the large capstones. Trump states that the largest of the pair is 3.8m from end to end.
As impressive as the dolmen were it's the setting that grabbed me. The dolmen are sat on a hillside overlooking a wadi with the beautiful Mediterranean Sea in the distance. A modern addition to this view is a huge limestone quarry, I guess some people could see this as an abomination but for me it's just another sign of continuity of the use of the beautiful Maltese limestone. Only the scale has changed.
I guess I approached from the easy direction, as I pulled off the main road (Ghargur to Mosta) heading west from San Pawl tat-Targa Cart Ruts just before Mosta fort and with a group of houses to the left, and looked to the right and there was the walled enclosure!

Overlooking St Paul's Bay, dolmen A is the larger of the two with a capstone 3.6m x 1.7m supported on three (?) stones about 1.4m high; dolmen B is smaller, supported by the edge of the plateau on one side and low stones on the other - its capstone is about 3m long.
A.  Burial Chamber (Dolmen) in Malta. By the road from Mosta to Gharghur there are 2 dolmens in a walled enclosure. This is the larger and better preserved of the two.

It has a capstone measuring 3.6 metres by 1.7 metres and 60 cms thick. It is supported on either end by stones about 1.4 metres high.

B. Burial Chamber (Dolmen) in Malta. By the road from Mosta to Gharghur there are 2 dolmens in a walled enclosure. This is the smaller and less well preserved of the two.

It lies very close to the ground with one side on the edge of low rock and the other on small stones. The capstone is 3 metres long with a width varying between 1.5 and 2 metres.
Wied Filep B submitted by enkidu41
The smaller of 2 dolmens standing about 10' apart near Mosta. It has a capstone about 10' long.

Wied Filep B submitted by enkidu41
2 dolmens standing about 10' apart near Mosta. The smaller, Wide Filep B, in the background has a capstone about 10' long. The larger has a massive capstone of over 12' long.

A megalithic chambered tomb, with a large flat stone laid on upright ones. Cromlech is an obsolete term meaning the same thing.